Zagreb is the capital of Croatia and the largest city with complete area size of 641 km². The city area comprises district of the city of Zagreb, together with 70 other districts. From the historical point of view, Zagreb grew out of two villages that were settled in the hills in its vicinity, Gradec and Kaptol. In these days, that is the heart of Zagreb, its old town.
Zagreb is situated in the continental part of Croatia on the altitude of 122 m (Zrinjevac). Thanks to its advantageous geographical position on the south-western corner of Panonian Valley, in between the Alps region, Panonian, Dinarian and Adriatic region, it represents the transitional center of the roads between the middle and south-eastern Europe, and the Adriatic Sea.
Zagreb is a vivacious new European metropolis that has well preserved its Central European charm. It is also country's political, economic, intellectual and cultural center. There are many historical monuments that can be evidence to its rich narration:
• Kaptol with the Cathedral
• Numerous squares (Zrinjevac, the square of J.J. Strossmayer, the king Tomislav's square, the square of Ante Starčević, the square of Marko Marulić, the square of Ivan Mažuranić and the square of the Marshall Tito.
• Upper town with the St. Mark's church, the tower Lotrščak, Medvednica (Sljeme, the old town Medvedgrad), the Strossmayer's boulevard, Kamenita vrata (the Stone doors), the building of parliament, and Banski dvori.
• The National Theatre, the concert hall of Vatroslav Lisinski
• The sports-recreational centre Jarun.
The headquarters of all important cultural institutions like Matica hrvatska and the Croatian literary society are situated in Zagreb. It also hosts several significant festivals, like Zagreb Film Festival, Anima Fest, and the International Folklore Parade.
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